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NEW QUESTION 1
Which statement about an Agile task board is CORRECT?

  • A. It provides detailed visual representation of the whole team's status.
  • B. It is updated once at the end of each iteration.
  • C. Only “in progress” tasks are shown on the task board.
  • D. It is a detailed visual representation of the status of testing.

Answer: A

Explanation:
An Agile task board is a visual framework to display and sync up on the tasks moving between production steps. It is usually applied to the two most popular Agile development frameworks — Kanban and Scrum. Used by software developers and project managers, an Agile board helps manage workloads in a flexible, transparent, and iterative way1. An Agile task board provides a detailed visual representation of the whole team’s status, showing which tasks remain to be started, which are in progress, and which are done. It also helps to track the progress of the current sprint, identify bottlenecks, and facilitate collaboration and communication among team members2. References:
✑ : ISTQB® Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus, Version 2014, Section 2.1.1
✑ : ASTQB Agile Tester Certification Resources, Agile Testing Foundations, Chapter 2, Section 2.1.1
✑ : 6

NEW QUESTION 2
Which of the following statements would you expect to be the MOST direct advantage of the whole-team approach?

  • A. Having at least once a day an automated build and test process that detects integration errors early and quickly.
  • B. Avoiding requirements misunderstandings which may not have been detected until later in the development cycle when they are more expensive to fix.
  • C. Capitalizing on the combined skills of business representatives, testers and developers working together to contribute to project success.
  • D. Reducing the involvement of business representatives because of the increased communication and collaboration between testers and developers.

Answer: C

Explanation:
The whole-team approach is a principle of agile testing that involves everyone with different knowledge and skills to ensure project success. The whole-team approach means that the business representatives, testers, and developers work together in every step of the development process, from planning to delivery. The whole-team approach aims to enhance communication and collaboration within the team, leverage the various skill sets of the team members, and make quality everyone’s responsibility12. Therefore, the statement C is the most direct advantage of the whole-team approach, as it captures the essence of the principle and its benefits. The other statements are not directly related to the whole-team approach, or are incorrect. Statement A is about continuous integration, which is a practice of agile development that involves having at least once a day an automated build and test process that detects integration errors early and quickly. Continuous integration is not a direct consequence of the whole-team approach, although it may be facilitated by it13. Statement B is about avoiding requirements misunderstandings, which may be a benefit of the whole-team approach, but not the most direct one. The whole-team approach does not only focus on requirements, but also on design, implementation, testing, and delivery. Moreover, avoiding requirements misunderstandings may also depend on other factors, such as the quality of the user stories, the use of acceptance criteria, and the feedback from the customers and users14. Statement D is incorrect, as it contradicts the whole-team approach. The whole-team approach does not reduce the involvement of business representatives, but rather increases it. Business representatives are an integral part of the whole-team approach, as they provide the vision, the value, and the validation of the product. They collaborate with the testers and developers to define the features, prioritize the backlog, and verify the outcomes12. References: ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus1, Section 1.2.1, page 9; What is Whole Team Approach in Agile Testing?2, Section What is Whole Team Approach?; Continuous Integration3, Section What is Continuous Integration?; Effective User Stories - 3C’s and INVEST Guide4, Section The 3 C’s (Card, Conversation, Confirmation) of User Stories.

NEW QUESTION 3
Which tasks are typically performed by a tester on an Agile project?
1) Implementing test strategy.
2) Documenting business requirements.
3) Measuring and reporting test coverage.
4) Coaching development team in relevant aspects of testing.
5) Executing test-driven development tests.

  • A. 2, 5
  • B. 2, 4, 5
  • C. 1, 3, 4
  • D. 1, 3

Answer: C

Explanation:
A tester on an Agile project typically performs the following tasks12:
✑ Implementing test strategy: A tester helps to define and implement the test strategy for the Agile project, which includes the test approach, test levels, test types, test techniques, test tools, test environment, test data, test metrics, and test documentation.
✑ Measuring and reporting test coverage: A tester measures and reports the test coverage of the product features and quality attributes, such as functionality, usability, performance, security, etc. Test coverage can be expressed in terms of test cases, test scenarios, test sessions, test conditions, test data, code, etc.
✑ Coaching development team in relevant aspects of testing: A tester coaches the development team in relevant aspects of testing, such as test design, test execution, test automation, test-driven development, behavior-driven development, exploratory testing, etc. A tester also helps the development team to improve their testing skills and practices.
The following tasks are not typically performed by a tester on an Agile project:
✑ Documenting business requirements: Business requirements are usually documented by the product owner or the business analyst, not by the tester. The tester may review and provide feedback on the business requirements, but the tester is not responsible for documenting them.
✑ Executing test-driven development tests: Test-driven development tests are usually executed by the developers, not by the tester. The tester may assist the developers in creating and reviewing the test-driven development tests, but the tester is not responsible for executing them.
Therefore, the correct answer is C, as it contains the tasks that are typically performed by a tester on an Agile project. References: ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Extension Syllabus1, pages 14-15, 18-19, 22-23; ISTQB Agile Tester Sample Exam2, question 17.

NEW QUESTION 4
Which of the following statements about Agile retrospectives is CORRECT?

  • A. During Agile retrospectives, testers should be encouraged to provide constructive suggestions only on non-testing activities.
  • B. In an Agile retrospective the moderator can encourage and make sure that good practices are kept by the team, by asking what the team is doing well.
  • C. Agile retrospectives should be focused mainly on impediments that are outside the control of the team because these issues are more challenging.
  • D. Unlike working sessions or meetings held in non-Agile projects, Agile retrospectives do not require follow-up activities.

Answer: B

Explanation:
An Agile retrospective is a regular meeting where the team reflects on their work process and identifies the areas for improvement12. The following statements about Agile retrospectives are correct12:
✑ During Agile retrospectives, testers should be encouraged to provide constructive
suggestions on both testing and non-testing activities, as testing is an integral part of the Agile team and testers can contribute to the overall quality of the product and the process.
✑ In an Agile retrospective, the moderator can encourage and make sure that good practices are kept by the team, by asking what the team is doing well. This helps to reinforce the positive aspects of the team’s work and to appreciate the team members’ efforts and achievements.
✑ Agile retrospectives should be focused mainly on impediments that are within the control of the team because these issues are more actionable and can be resolved by the team. Impediments that are outside the control of the team should also be discussed, but they may require the involvement of other stakeholders or external parties to be addressed.
The following statement about Agile retrospectives is incorrect12:
✑ Unlike working sessions or meetings held in non-Agile projects, Agile retrospectives do require follow-up activities. The team should agree on the action items that result from the retrospective and assign them to the responsible team members. The team should also monitor the progress and effectiveness of the action items in the next iteration and review them in the next retrospective.
Therefore, the correct answer is B, as it is the only statement that is correct about Agile retrospectives. References: ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Extension Syllabus1, page 24; ISTQB Agile Tester Sample Exam2,

NEW QUESTION 5
Which of the following statements about the benefits of the Agile processes promoting early and frequent feedback is NOT true?

  • A. In Agile projects where feedback is provided early and frequently, defects and incorrect requirements are caught earlier and those problems can be fixed faster.
  • B. Feedback from well-conducted Agile retrospectives can be used to positively affect the development process over the course of the next iteration.
  • C. Early and frequent feedback enables the team to deliver the features that represent the highest business value to the customer first.
  • D. Increasing the frequency of feedback and communication between all the stakeholders involved in Agile projects eliminates all communication problems.

Answer: D

Explanation:
The Agile processes promote early and frequent feedback from the customers, users, testers, developers, and other stakeholders involved in the project. This feedback helps to ensure that the product meets the expectations and needs of the customers and users, and that the development process is continuously improved and adapted to the changing requirements and environment. However, increasing the frequency of feedback and communication does not eliminate all communication problems, as there may still be issues such as misunderstandings, misinterpretations, conflicts, or cultural differences that need to be resolved. Therefore, the statement D is not true, as it implies that communication problems are completely avoided by the Agile processes. References: ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus1, Section 1.2.1, page 9; ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Extension Sample Exam Questions2, Question 4, page 5.

NEW QUESTION 6
User Story: As a user I want to be able to calculate tax percentage based on amount of income.
What is the best black box test design technique for verifying the accuracy of this user story?

  • A. Statement testing - test all statements in income calculation.
  • B. User story testing - test that the user can enter an income amount and get a result.
  • C. State transition testing - test all states of income entry.
  • D. Equivalence partitioning - test with low, medium and high income.

Answer: D

Explanation:
The best black box test design technique for verifying the accuracy of this user story is equivalence partitioning. Equivalence partitioning is a technique that divides the input domain of a system into classes or groups that are expected to behave similarly. By testing one value from each class, the tester can reduce the number of test cases while still achieving good coverage. In this case, the input domainof the system is the amount of income, which can be divided into classes based on the tax percentage applied to different income ranges. For example, if the tax percentage is 10% for income below 10,000, 20% for income between 10,000 and 20,000, and 30% for income above 20,000, then the equivalence classes are: low income (<10,000), medium income (10,000-20,000), and high income (>20,000). By testing one value from each class, such as 5,000, 15,000, and 25,000, the tester can verify that the system calculates the correct tax percentage for each income range. This technique is more efficient and effective than testing all possible values of income, or testing only one value of income, or testing the states of income entry, or testing the statements in income calculation. References: ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus1, Section 2.3.1, page 19; ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Extension Sample Exam Questions2, Question 5, page 6.

NEW QUESTION 7
Which ONE of the following is an example of a typical “Business-oriented work product”?

  • A. The released product.
  • B. Acceptance testing entry criteria.
  • C. A user manual.
  • D. Usability testing test results.

Answer: C

Explanation:
Business-oriented work products are those that describe what is needed (e.g., requirements specifications) and how to use it (e.g., user documentation). A user manual is an example of a business-oriented work product, as it provides instructions and guidance on how to use the product from the user’s perspective. A user manual may also contain information about the product’s features, benefits, and limitations. A user manual is typically written by technical writers, who may collaborate with developers, testers, and business analysts to ensure the accuracy and clarity of the content. A user manual may be delivered in various formats, such as printed, online, or interactive. References: ISTQB® Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus1, Section 1.2.1, page 10; ASTQB Agile Tester Certification Resources2, Section 1.2.1, page 10.

NEW QUESTION 8
Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding early and frequent feedback?

  • A. Early feedback decreases the amount of time needed for system testing.
  • B. Early feedback promotes early discovery and resolution of quality problems.
  • C. Early feedback provides the Agile team with information on its productivity.
  • D. Early feedback helps to deliver a product that better reflects what the customer wants.

Answer: A

Explanation:
Early and frequent feedback is one of the core values of Agile development. It helps the Agile team to deliver features with the highest business value first, to discover and resolve quality problems as soon as possible, to provide information on the team’s productivity and progress, and to ensure that the product meets the customer’s expectations and needs. However, early feedback does not necessarily decrease the amount of time needed for system testing, as system testing is still an important activity in Agile projects to verify the integration and functionality of the whole system. Early feedback may reduce the number of defects found in system testing, but it does not eliminate the need for system testing. References: ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Extension Syllabus1, page 10; ISTQB Agile Tester Sample Exam2, question 11.

NEW QUESTION 9
Which of the following is NOT a statement of value from the Agile Manifesto?

  • A. Working software over comprehensive documentation
  • B. Processes and tools over individuals and interactions.
  • C. Responding to change over following a plan.
  • D. Customer collaboration over contract negotiation.

Answer: B

Explanation:
The Agile Manifesto is a declaration of four values and twelve principles that guide the Agile software development approach12. The four values of the Agile Manifesto are12:
✑ Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
✑ Working software over comprehensive documentation
✑ Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
✑ Responding to change over following a plan
These values emphasize the importance of human collaboration, working product, customer feedback, and adaptability over rigid processes, extensive documentation, fixedcontracts, and predefined plans. The values do not imply that the items on the right are not important, but rather that the items on the left are more important and should be prioritized.
Therefore, the statement that is NOT a value from the Agile Manifesto is B, as it contradicts the first value of the Agile Manifesto. The correct statement should be “Individuals and interactions over processes and tools”. References: ISTQB Foundation Level Agile Tester Extension Syllabus1, page 10; ISTQB Agile Tester Sample Exam2, question 1.

NEW QUESTION 10
What is the main benefit of the Test Pyramid?

  • A. It means testing is involved early in the development cycle.
  • B. It helps in evaluating the amount of test cases needed.
  • C. It shows complexity of testing activities.
  • D. It acts as a metric for testing progress.

Answer: B

Explanation:
The Test Pyramid is a model for organizing tests in a way to make the process of testing faster, efficient and cost-effective. This model focusses on getting maximum functional testing getting covered by faster and less brittle tests like Unit and API tests1. The main benefit of the Test Pyramid is that it helps in evaluating the amount of test cases needed for each level of testing. The Test Pyramid suggests that the number of test cases should decrease as we move up the pyramid, from unit tests to integration tests to end-to-end tests. This is because unit tests are more granular, isolated, and easy to write and maintain, while end-to-end tests are more complex, dependent, and brittle. The Test Pyramid also helps in balancing the test coverage and the test execution time, as unit tests provide high coverage and low execution time, while end-to-end tests provide low coverage and high execution time. By following the Test Pyramid, teams can optimize their testing efforts and resources, and ensure that they have a sufficient and effective test suite for their software. References: ISTQB® Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus, Section 2.2.1, page 16; ASTQB Agile Tester Certification Resources, Section 2.2.1, page 16; What is Test Pyramid : Getting started with Test Automation Pyramid, The Practical Test Pyramid - Martin Fowler, Testing Pyramid: What Is It and How To Use It | Solvd.

NEW QUESTION 11
You are working in a software development company which, for many years, used a sequential development model and was organized into separate departments for each functional group (e.g. business analysts, developers, testers) located within their own office space. Your organization has recently changed to a SCRUM agile framework. Which of the following is an important organizational and behavioral best practice for a tester in the SCRUM team that should have also been practiced when using the sequential model?

  • A. Resilient testing means that the testing process is capable of dealing with rapid changes throughout the development process with test plans being updated during each iteration.
  • B. Credibility means that the tester must share information with the stakeholders about the test process so that they find the selected test strategy and testing activities trustworthy.
  • C. Cross-functional teamwork means that all team members contribute to testing in various way
  • D. For example, involving people with the test strategy, test planning and execution as well as test reporting.
  • E. Co-located teamwork means that all team members, including developers and testers, must sit together in the same office, so they can quickly communicate face-to-face.

Answer: C

Explanation:
Cross-functional teamwork is an important organizational and behavioral best practice for a tester in the SCRUM team that should have also been practiced when using the sequential model. Cross-functional teamwork means that all team members, regardless of their functional roles, collaborate and share their skills and knowledge to achieve a common goal. In the context of testing, this means that testing is not seen as a separate activity or phase, but as an integral part of the development process. All team members contribute to testing in various ways, such as:
✑ Involving people with the test strategy, test planning and execution as well as test reporting. This can help ensure that the testing activities are aligned with the business objectives, the user needs, and the technical requirements. It can also help improve the test coverage, the test quality, and the test efficiency.
✑ Sharing the responsibility for testing among the team members. This can help reduce the workload and the dependency on a single tester or a testing team. It can also help increase the feedback and the communication among the team members, and foster a culture of quality and learning.
✑ Leveraging the diverse skills and perspectives of the team members. This can help enhance the test design and the test execution by applying different techniques, tools, and approaches. It can also help identify and address the risks, the issues, and the opportunities for improvement from various angles. References: ISTQB® Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus1, Section 1.2.1, page 9; ISTQB® Glossary of Testing Terms2, version 4.0, page 16.

NEW QUESTION 12
Your agile team is using the Testing Quadrants to ensure that all important test levels and test types are covered in the test plan.
In relation to Quadrant 3 - business facing and product critique, what should be considered for the plan?

  • A. Exploratory Testing
  • B. Prototype Testing
  • C. Performance Testing
  • D. Functional Testing

Answer: A

Explanation:
Exploratory testing is a type of testing that involves simultaneous learning, test design, and test execution. It is suitable for Quadrant 3 because it is business facing
and product critique, meaning that it focuses on the user’s perspective and the quality attributes of the product. Exploratory testing can help discover new risks, requirements, and defects that may not be covered by other test levels and test types. It can also provide feedback on the usability, functionality, and reliability of the product. References: ISTQB® Foundation Level Agile Tester Syllabus1, Section 2.3.2, page 17; ISTQB® Glossary of Testing Terms2, version 4.0, page 23.

NEW QUESTION 13
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